Fred Hutchinson James Delmage Ross Dixy Lee Ray George W. Bush Hazel Wolf Henry M Jackson Warren G. Magnuson Home
Search Encyclopedia
Advanced Search
Featured Essay
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search
7099 essays now available      
Donation system not supported by Safari     Donate Subscribe


Cyberpedias Cyberpedias
Timeline Essays Timeline Essays
People's Histories People's Histories

Selected Collections
Cities & Towns Cities & Towns
County Thumbnails Counties
Biographies Biographies
Interactive Cybertours Interactive Cybertours
Slide Shows Slideshows
Public Ports Public Ports
Audio & Video Audio & Video

Research Shortcuts

Map Searches
Alphabetical Search
Timeline Date Search
Topic Search


Book of the Fortnight
Audio/Video Enhanced
History Bookshelf
Klondike Gold Rush Database
Duvall Newspaper Index
Wellington Scrapbook

More History

Washington FAQs
Washington Milestones
Honor Rolls
Columbia Basin
Walla Walla
Roads & Rails

Library Search Results: Abstracts

Your search for communism found 25 files.
To read complete essay, click title or image, or click "Full Text" link below abstract.

Show 10 20 40 results per page | < Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >
Cyberpedias & Features (Alphabetical)
Timelines (Chronological)
People's Histories

Showing 1 - 6 of 6 results

Day, William Scott (1923-1984)

William Scott Day served as a Democrat in both houses of the Washington State Legislature during a durable 22-year political career. He was born in Rockford, Illinois, but before his first birthday the family relocated to Washington, where his parents, both licensed chiropractors, opened a clinic in North Bend. In 1942 the family moved to Bremerton, where Day married Norma Ringer (1926-2007), whom he had met in high school. After serving in the army during World War II, he graduated from Palmer College of Chiropractic in Davenport, Iowa, his parents' alma mater. Day and his wife returned to Washington and settled in Spokane, where he opened a chiropractic clinic in 1949. In 1958, in his first try at elective office, he won a seat in the state House of Representatives. A combination of imposing size and political acumen earned him the sobriquet "Big Daddy," which he accepted with good humor. Although a Democrat, his stance on many issues put him at frequent odds with his party, which was increasingly dominated by more liberal members from Western Washington. In 1963, supported by Republicans and a small group of other dissident Democrats, Day ousted long-serving John L. O'Brien (1911-2007) to become Speaker of the House. He served five terms in the House and three in the Senate before being defeated in 1980, a victim of the Reagan landslide. He died less than four years later, on May 27, 1984.
File 10652: Full Text >

Goldmark, John E. (1917-1979)

John E. Goldmark was a Washington State legislator from Okanogan who served three terms in the state House of Representatives from 1957 to 1962. He rose into Democratic leadership ranks and was considered one of the most prominent members of the party's liberal wing. However, he was trounced in the primary election in 1962 after several rightwing political opponents launched a campaign that tried to paint Goldmark and his wife, Sally Goldmark (1907-1985), as communists or sympathizers. The Goldmarks sued for libel and won a $40,000 judgment in a nationally prominent trial. The judgment was later overturned following a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in a case involving similar issues. John Goldmark went back to his ranch in Okanogan and never held public office again. He died in Seattle in 1979 of cancer
File 9858: Full Text >

Langlie, Arthur B. (1900-1966)

Arthur B. Langlie was the only mayor of Seattle to become governor of the state and the only Washington governor to regain that office after losing it. Langlie was born in Minnesota and moved with his family to Washington's Kitsap Peninsula at the age of nine. He practiced law in Seattle for nearly 10 years before winning a Seattle City Council seat in 1935 as a candidate of the conservative and moralistic reform group New Order of Cincinnatus. Cincinnatus soon faded, but the young, energetic, and politically attractive Langlie won the mayor's office in 1938. He became the Republican candidate for governor in 1940 and won a narrow victory. At 40, Langlie was the youngest governor in the history of the state until Dan Evans (b. 1925) was elected in 1964. Langlie was defeated for re-election in 1944 by Democrat Monrad C. Wallgren (1891-1961), but won the office back by defeating Wallgren in 1948. Langlie was easily re-elected in 1952, becoming the first Washington governor to serve three terms. Langlie left politics after failing badly in his 1956 campaign to defeat Democratic U.S. Senator Warren G. Magnuson (1905-1989). He spent the final years of his career as a magazine publisher in New York.
File 5634: Full Text >

Rosellini, Albert Dean (1910-2011)

Albert D. Rosellini, governor of Washington state from 1956 to 1965, was born to Italian American immigrants in Tacoma on January 21, 1910. The family relocated to Seattle's Rainier Valley in 1916. Despite the relative poverty of his upbringing, Al Rosellini was able to study the law at the University of Washington, and established a highly visible practice as a Seattle attorney. He won election to the State Senate in 1938, and became a leading champion of working people, juvenile justice reform, transportation improvements, and other liberal causes. Rosellini was elected governor of Washington state in 1956 and re-elected in 1960. He lost a bid for a third term to Daniel Evans (b. 1925) in 1964. Subsequent campaigns for King County executive (1969) and governor (1972) also fell short of victory. But he remained active in business and public life. Al Rosellini died in Seattle from complications of pneumonia on October 10, 2011. He was 101 years old.
File 5156: Full Text >

Strong, Anna Louise (1885-1970)

Anna Louise Strong remains one of the notable radicals in the history of the United States. During her Seattle years (1914-1921), she won her election as the lone woman on the School Board, only to be recalled because of her overt sympathies with the Wobblies (Industrial Workers of the World) and because of her pacifist stance during World War I. A journalist, she supported the working class in the Seattle General Strike of 1919 and promoted the new Soviet government.
File 255: Full Text >

Contains Audio/Video

Wolf, Hazel (1898-2000)

Hazel Wolf was an environmental and social activist whose causes ranged from the rights of workers, women, and minorities to the protection of wilderness, wetlands, and wildlife. She was still a young girl, growing up in Canada, when she ventured into political action for the first time, challenging the elementary school principal who told her girls couldn't play basketball. She ended up organizing a girls' basketball program at her school and, later, a citywide women's basketball league. She became involved in labor issues after moving to Seattle in 1923, a single mother, struggling to support herself and her young child with a series of low-paying jobs. She joined the Communist Party in the 1930s, drifted away from it in the 1940s, and then fought off a 14-year effort by the federal government to deport her as a threat to national security. She eventually became one of the most venerated figures in the Northwest environmental community. A film festival, a wetlands preserve, a bird sanctuary, a high school, and a Seattle Audubon Society endowment all carry her name, in tribute to a woman who proudly described herself as a lifelong "rabble rouser."
File 8794: Full Text >

Showing 1 - 17 of 17 results

Seattle mayor Ole Hanson gets a bomb in his mail on April 28, 1919.

On April 28, 1919, the office of Seattle mayor Ole Hanson (1874-1940) receives a bomb in a package sent from New York City and addressed to the mayor. Hanson is not in the office that day and the package is opened by a clerk. Fortunately, he is holding the package upside down and the bomb fails to explode. The bomb turns out to be part of a larger anarchist plot to attack politicians and well-known businessmen throughout the United States on and around May Day. At least 36 bombs are eventually discovered throughout the country.
File 11106: Full Text >

Seattle Repertory Playhouse opens new theater on February 2, 1930.

On February 2, 1930, the Seattle Repertory Playhouse inaugurates its new home at 4045 University Way with a production of George Bernard Shaw's Major Barbara.The theater will remain a major center for the dramatic arts -- and leftwing politics -- until it is taken over by the University of Washington in 1950.
File 3704: Full Text >

Seattle Public Library fires foreign-books librarian Natalie Notkin on February 2, 1932.

On February 2, 1932, The Seattle Public Library's board of directors dismisses Natalie Notkin (1900-1970), who has served as the foreign-books librarian at The Seattle Public Library's Central branch since 1927. Library board meeting minutes indicate that her dismissal is prompted, at least in part, by recent accusations that she has introduced communistic materials into the library's foreign-language collection.
File 3971: Full Text >

State Representative criticizes UW for hiring Marxist Harold Laski as visiting lecturer on January 23, 1939.

On January 23, 1939, the University of Washington is criticized for hiring Economics Professor Harold J. Laski (1893-1950), a British Marxist, as a visiting Walker-Ames Lecturer. State Representative D. L. Underwood (D., Seattle) calls for an immediate investigation by the House of Representatives into "Communistic activities" at the University. Laski had published an article in The Nation entitled, "Why I am a Marxist."
File 2083: Full Text >

Laura Law is found murdered in her Aberdeen home on January 5, 1940.

On January 5, 1940, Laura Law is found murdered in her living room in Aberdeen. In the coming days, as police begin to identify suspects, it becomes clear that the case will be complicated by Law's and her husband Richard's involvement with labor unions and the tension within the Aberdeen community over labor union and Communist party activity. Further, Laura had been born in Finland and the Soviet Union's invasion of Finland in 1939 had divided many in Aberdeen's Finnish community between those who supported the Soviet Union's action as defensive (and thereby supported the Communist government) and those who criticized it (and thus, the Communists). The case will not be solved, but not for lack of suspects. At different times Richard (Dick) Law, members of the Communist Party, participants in the Better Business Builders (an anti-union group), and local businessmen will be suspected of the crime. The murder and its aftermath stand as symbols of the height tensions had reached in Aberdeen at the end of the Great Depression as businesses and workers struggled through the lean years.
File 9260: Full Text >

Civil Rights Congress is formed in 1946.

In 1946, the Civil Rights Congress is formed from the merger of the National Negro Congress, the International Labor Defense, and the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties.
File 603: Full Text >

Harry Truman wins re-election but Arthur Langlie ousts Governor Mon C. Wallgren in tight election on November 2, 1948.

On November 2, 1948, President Harry Truman (1884-1972) overcomes a strong challenge by New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey, negative polls, third party candidates on the left and right, and national press criticism to win a full term. Truman's coattails do not save incumbent Democratic Governor Mon C. Wallgren (1891-1961), who is ousted by former governor Arthur Langlie (1900-1966) in a re-match of the race that Wallgren won four years ago. Washington's six U.S. House of Representatives seats are split evenly between the two parties. State voters approve constitutional amendments eliminating term limits for county officials and authorizing counties to adopt Home Rule charters, and pass initiative measures permitting the sale of liquor by the glass and providing special pensions for veterans, the blind, and the elderly. Seattle voters affirm Daylight Savings Time.
File 5598: Full Text >

Two City of Seattle employees lose jobs for refusing to sign a loyalty oath on September 7, 1951.

On September 7, 1951, two City of Seattle employees lose their jobs because they refuse to sign a loyalty oath. The loyalty oath is required by state law as a condition of employment. Approximately 7,500 other employees sign the oath.
File 4225: Full Text >

Paul Robeson sings at the International Peace Arch on the border-crossing between the United States and Canada at Blaine on May 18, 1952.

On May 18, 1952, singer, actor, athlete, scholar, and political activist Paul Robeson (1898-1976) performs an outdoor concert for more than 25,000 people (estimates range as high as 45,000) gathered on both sides of the United States/Canadian border at Peace Arch Park in Blaine. An outspoken supporter of civil rights worldwide and an admirer of the Soviet Union, where he perceives there to be no racism, Robeson has been increasingly persecuted for his political views since the late 1940s. His passport has been confiscated by the State Department, denying his right to travel and perform outside of the United States, and he has recently even been prevented from crossing the border to Canada, which at the time does not require United States citizens to show a passport.
File 8163: Full Text >

Paul Robeson overcomes red-baiters to appear in Seattle Civic Auditorium on May 20, 1952.

On May 20, 1952, famed African American social activist, actor, and singer Paul Robeson (1898-1976) overcomes opposition from anti-communists, a press blackout, and an initial City Council ban on his appearance to lecture and perform in Seattle's Civic Auditorium (now the Opera House at Seattle Center).
File 1144: Full Text >

Senator Joseph McCarthy visits Washington state on October 22 and 23, 1952.

In October 1952, Senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957), a conservative Republican from Wisconsin, makes his first political visit to Washington state. McCarthy comes to Washington to campaign for General Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), the Republican presidential nominee, and for incumbent Republican Senator Harry P. Cain (1906-1979), who is running for a second term in 1952.
File 8887: Full Text >

Washington State Press Club members heckle Senator Joseph McCarthy on October 23, 1952.

On October 23, 1952, Senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957), a conservative Republican from Wisconsin, delivers the keynote speech for the Republican Party at the Washington State Press Club's fourth annual Gridiron dinner, held in Seattle. Misunderstanding the comical, lighthearted nature of the event, McCarthy gives a serious 15-minute speech on the dangers of Communism in America. He delivers his whole speech, but is heckled and booed.
File 8886: Full Text >

Seattle's KING-TV cancels Joseph McCarthy's scheduled speech on October 23, 1952.

On October 23, 1952, Senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957), a conservative Republican from Wisconsin, storms out of Seattle's KING-TV studios after his televised speech is canceled. KING-TV officials, fearing libel, ask McCarthy to remove two paragraphs from a 15-minute telecast. McCarthy argues that no television station has the right to censor a paid political speech, and the evening speech is canceled.
File 8888: Full Text >

Seattle Women Act for Peace is founded in November 1961.

In November 1961, in response to a major policy speech delivered by U. S. President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) in Seattle on November 16, 1961, women political activists leave the Communist Party to found Seattle Women Act for Peace.
File 2165: Full Text >

Former state representative John Goldmark wins $40,000 (later overturned) in a libel case against four individuals and a newspaper that had called him a Communist "tool," on January 22, 1964.

On January 22, 1964, John Goldmark (1917-1979) and his wife, Sally Goldmark (1907-1985), win $40,000 in a libel case against four individuals and a newspaper that had called him a Communist "tool." Goldmark was in the middle of a 1962 primary campaign for a fourth term as a Democratic state representative when he was accused in a local newspaper editorial of being "a tool of a monstrous conspiracy" and Sally Goldmark was accused of being a communist. Goldmark lost the primary by a large margin. Soon after, Goldmark and his wife filed a libel suit against the Tonasket Tribune and four conservatives, including the editor of the paper and the state coordinator for the John Birch Society. The case went to trial in Okanogan on November 4, 1963. A jury finds for the Goldmarks on five of the nine claims and awards them $40,000. However, in December 1964 the judge will reverse the verdict, based on a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in another case. In a tragic postscript, Goldmark's son Charles Goldmark and his family will be murdered in 1985 in Seattle by an unbalanced man who said he killed them under the mistaken impression that the Goldmark family is communist.
File 9485: Full Text >

Weeks of protests erupt in Seattle beginning May 1, 1970, against U.S. entry into Cambodia and later also to protest the killing of four Kent State students.

On May 1, 1970, protests erupt in Seattle following the announcement of President Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994) that U.S. Forces in Vietnam would pursue enemy troops into Cambodia, a neutral country. The focus of activity is the University of Washington, but anti-war protests and disruptions also sweep downtown. Student strikers dominate the campus radio station and newspaper, and Seattle police are accused of using excessive force. This file summarizes the cataclysmic events of May 1970.
File 2308: Full Text >

Gus Hall denied access to YMCA, in June 1983.

In June 1983, the Young Men's Christian Association of Greater Seattle bars Gus Hall, general secretary of the American Communist Party, from speaking at the East Madison YMCA, saying the principles of the YMCA and the Communist Party were "incompatible."
File 3063: Full Text >

Showing 1 - 2 of 2 results

Hazel Wolf Remembers the McCarthy Era

Hazel Wolf (1898-2000), Seattle's quintessential activist, championed many causes in her 101 years. First an advocate of women's rights, she went on to support labor and environmental issues. She was a member of the Communist party long before it was illegal, and suffered the ire of McCarthy-era red-baiting in the 1950s. Hazel recalled these difficult times in a 1999 speech, transcribed in part below. (Note: Hazel Wolf died on January 19, 2000.)
File 2274: Full Text >

Librarian Natalie Notkin, unjustly accused of communism, defends herself in a letter to The Seattle Public Library's Board.

Natalie Notkin (1900-1970) was the Foreign Books librarian at The Seattle Public Library's Central branch from 1927 to 1932. Born in Kherson, Russia, Notkin emigrated in 1921, earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Washington in 1925, a degree from the University of Washington's Library School in 1927, and become a naturalized citizen in 1928. In 1930, Seattle Police Chief Louis Forbes submitted a (completely unsubstantiated) letter to the United States Congress during that body's investigation into Communist propaganda [chaired by Hamilton Fish, Jr.(1888-1981)] accusing Notkin and 17 other Seattle residents of being Communists. Forbes later informally retracted his accusation. The sole public employee on Forbes's list, Notkin professed astonishment at the charge, declaring that she was not a communist and had never attended any meetings of the Communist Party. Nevertheless, the Seattle City Council cut her position and salary from the library budget, and, on February 2, 1932, the library board agreed to dismiss her. This People's History includes the text of the letter Notkin wrote to the library board after she had unofficially been asked to resign, but before she received her termination notice.
File 10048: Full Text >

< Show previous 20 | Show Next 20 >
Home About Us Contact Us Education Bookstore Tourism Advanced Search is the first online encyclopedia of local and state history created expressly for the Internet. (SM) is a free public and educational resource produced by History Ink, a 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt corporation.
Contact us by phone at 206.447.8140, by mail at Historylink, 1411 4th Ave. Suite 803, Seattle WA 98101 or email