久保田公园 (Kubota Garden) (西雅图)

  • By David Wilma
  • Posted 3/08/2001
  • HistoryLink.org Essay 3077

久保田公园由西雅图东南部的西雅图公园与休闲局 (Seattle Parks and Recreation Department) 负责运营,园内不仅有西北部的原生植物,更结合了日本传统式的园林设计,彰显了丘陵、山谷、河流、池塘、瀑布及裸露岩层等的美轮美奂。该园全年免费向游人 开放。这座美丽的公园是 Fujitaro Kubota (1879-1973) 毕生心血的结晶,他原居住在日本,后移民至华盛顿。虽然 Kubota 未曾接受过正式培训,但这并不妨碍他成为一名专业的园艺大师。1923 年,他成立了 Kubota Gardening Company。4 年后,他在邻近雷尼尔海滩 (Rainier Beach) 的 Renton Avenue S 购买了 5 英亩人迹罕至的湿地(以一位朋友的名义购买,因为根据当时的法律规定,日本公民不得在华盛顿拥有自己的不动产),之后便开始了他的园林开发生涯。 Kubota 于 1940 年将全家迁至此处,随后又相继购买了大片土地,这使得公园占地面积达到了 20 英亩。二战期间,他和家人被囚禁在爱达荷州米尼多卡 (Minidoka) 的日本集中营中,直到 1945 年才恢复自由。获释后,又继续投身于此公园的开发事业。1962 年,Kubota 在园内建成了 65 英尺高的山坡,山坡上的池塘和瀑布如自然天成;之后,他又增建了月形观景台和月亮桥。1981 年,也就是 Kubota 离世的第八年,政府宣布将该园作为该市地标之一。1987 年,政府购回了此片地的所有权,自此久保田公园成为一个公共公园。


Sources:

Mary Anne Parmeter, "A Brief History of the Kubota Garden," The Kubota Garden Foundation Newsletter, Winter 1996, pp. 6-9, Rainier Valley Historical Society; Walt Crowley, National Trust Guide: Seattle, (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998), 221; "Kubota Garden," Seattle Parks and Recreation Department (http://www.ci.seattle.wa.us/parks/parkspaces/Gardens.htm). See Also: John Iwasaki, "John Kubota, 1917-2004: He Created Kubota Gardens," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, August 17, 2004 (http://seattlepi.nwsource.com).
Note: This essay was updated on August 26, 2004, and revised slightly on November 4, 2011.


Related Topics:   Asian & Pacific Islander Americans | Environment | Seattle Neighborhoods | Southeast Seattle

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