Even as late as 1963, Boeing's hostility toward Group Health was evident. During that year, Group Health signed a contract with the Seattle Professional Engineering Employees Association (SPEEA), which consisted mostly of Boeing engineers. Despite this contract, Boeing refused to handle payroll deductions for its other workers.
Dr. H. Frank Newman, then assistant director for medical affairs and later Executive Director, explained in an interview that Boeing, "never forgave us" for supporting the IAM Boeing strike. "We would never have expanded our Boeing Group without the SPEEA group, and they simply would not settle their contract until they were permitted to have Group Health coverage" (Crowley, 116).