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George Richardson receives land patent for his property at the south end of Lopez Island on November 25, 1879.
On November 25, 1879, George Stillman Richardson (ca. 1847-1915) receives his official land patent from the United States government for his property on the south end of Lopez Island in the San Juan Islands. Although Richardson and his family will live on the land for only a few more years, a thriving community bearing his name will soon grow in the area. The town of Richardson, with the islands' nearest deepwater port to mainland markets, will be a major shipping point for island produce, fish, and other goods, and one of the main economic hubs of San Juan County for many years, before dwindling in the later years of the twentieth century.
File 10417: Full Text >
Hall Brothers Shipyard breaks ground in Madrone (renamed Winslow) on Eagle Harbor on Bainbridge Island on July 6, 1902.
On July 6, 1902, the Hall Brothers Shipyard breaks ground for its new location in Madrone (renamed Winslow) on Eagle Harbor on Bainbridge Island. Upon moving there in May 1903, the shipyard will become the town's first large-scale industry. At the turn of the century the Hall Brothers Marine Railway and Shipbuilding Company (its formal name) was outgrowing its site at Port Blakely, which had steep hills ending at the beach. Shipyard owner Henry Hall (his brothers Isaac and Winslow had died) looked to Eagle Harbor for more room and secured 77 acres in Madrone. The town's name becomes Winslow, in honor of Winslow Hall, either because, as historian Edmond Meany asserts, Henry Hall renamed the town, or because the town renamed itself to encourage the shipyard to relocate there.
File 8276: Full Text >
Ferry Peralta (renamed Kalakala) is built in San Francisco in 1927.
In 1927, the Key Transit Company in San Francisco builds the ferry Peralta
, whose hull is later used to build the Seattle ferry Kalakala
File 316: Full Text >
Tragedy strikes on board the ferry Peralta on February 17, 1928.
On February 17, 1928, a fatal accident occurs in Oakland, California, on board the Peralta
(whose hull was used to build the renowned Puget Sound ferry, Kalakala
). The bow floods and five passengers are drowned.
File 317: Full Text >
Tugboat tows ferry Peralta's burned hull to Seattle from October 12-20, 1933.
From October 12 to 20, 1933, the tug Creole
tows the burned hull of the ferry Peralta
north from San Francisco to Puget Sound. Captain Alexander Peabody, of the Puget Sound Navigation Co. (The Black Ball Ferry Line), intends to use the hull to rebuild a modern, streamlined ferry. The ferry will be the renowned Puget Sound ferry Kalakala
File 319: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala readies for her maiden voyage on July 2, 1935.
On July 2, 1935, the ferry Kalakala
readies for her maiden voyage with a trial run near Bremerton.
File 320: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala starts daily service between Seattle and Bremerton on July 3, 1935.
On July 3, 1935, the ferry Kalakala
starts daily service between Seattle and Bremerton.
File 5261: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala rams the ferry Chippewa on November 4, 1936.
On November 4, 1936, the ferry Kalakala
rams into the ferry Chippewa
File 1200: Full Text >
Puget Sound ferry workers strike in August 1939.
In August 1939, Puget Sound ferry workers strike. Grievances include wages, working conditions, and hours worked per day. In general the public opposes the strike, which is initiated by the Inlandboatmen's Union in confrontation with the Washington state Maritime Labor Board.
File 5504: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala chosen for final ferry run at Tacoma Narrows on July 2, 1940.
On July 2, 1940, the Kalakala
is chosen to make the final run at the Tacoma Narrows.
File 1202: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala rams Colman Dock on September 27, 1940.
On September 27, 1940, the Kalakala
rams the Colman Dock in Seattle.
File 1201: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala rams a barge near Bremerton on August 16, 1943.
On August 16, 1943, the Kalakala
rams a barge off Glover Point near Bremerton.
File 1203: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala stages impromptu race with ferry City of Sacramento in 1945.
In 1945, the ferry Kalakala
stages an impromptu race with the ferry City of Sacramento
File 1204: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala starts weekend excursion cruises between Seattle and Victoria, B.C. on June 15, 1945.
On June 15, 1945, the ferry Kalakala
commences weekend excursion cruises between Seattle and Victoria, B.C.
File 1205: Full Text >
Ferry Kalakala begins using world's first commercial marine radar set on February 14, 1946.
On February 14, 1946, the ferry Kalakala begins using a radar set on its Seattle-Bainbridge Island run. It is the first-ever commercial use of radar on a ship anywhere in the world. This occurs on the day that a sizable 5.8 earthquake hits Puget Sound.
File 9282: Full Text >
Striking ferry engineers shut down the privately owned Black Ball Line for six days, starting on March 14, 1947.
On March 14, 1947, the 70 members of the Marine Engineers Beneficial Association on ferries of the Puget Sound Navigation Company (Black Ball Line) go on strike. This shuts down ferry service on Puget Sound for six days and creates havoc for commuters and travelers. In the end, events are set into motion that lead to the eventual creation of Washington State Ferries.
File 5294: Full Text >
State Department of Transportation cuts ferry rate increases from 30 to 10 percent on July 4, 1947.
On July 4, 1947, Paul Revelle, the Washington State Director of Transportation, denies the request of Captain Alexander Peabody (1895-1980) to raise fares aboard Puget Sound Navigation Company ferries by 30 percent. The state also orders Peabody to provide refunds to passengers retroactive to February 15, 1947, when a temporary increase was granted pending review. A 10 percent increase is granted instead, but Peabody claims that this rate is confiscatory and will cause him to shut down the ferry system. A year later, he follows through on his threat and shuts it down. This in turn shuts down any remaining support for his position and ultimately leads to the creation of Washington State Ferries.
File 5295: Full Text >
Captain Alexander Peabody shuts down the Black Ball Line for nine days, beginning on February 29, 1948.
On February 29, 1948, Captain Alexander Peabody (1895-1980), president of the Puget Sound Navigation Company (Black Ball Line), ceases operating the ferry system after talks break down with the state government, which refused to grant Peabody's request for a 30 percent increase in rider fares. Stating that he no longer has the money to operate the ferry system, Peabody orders the fleet tied up. For nine days, the state scrambles to provide cross-sound transportation to tens of thousands of commuters, and seriously begins steps to start a state-run ferry system of its own.
File 5296: Full Text >
Vashon Islanders begin operating their own ferries on March 1, 1948.
On March 1, 1948, King County Ferry District No. 1 begins providing ferry service to and from Vashon Island. The district, created by the state legislature in response to angry Vashon Islanders' complaints over Captain Alexander Peabody’s shutdown of the privately owned Puget Sound Navigation Company, is the first and only (as of 2002) ferry district in the state of Washington. The district operates ferries for three years, until the creation of Washington State Ferries on June 1, 1951.
File 3731: Full Text >
Vashon vigilantes repel the ferry Illahee on May 15, 1948.
On May 15, 1948, a group of Vashon vigilantes prevent the ferry Illahee
from landing at the Vashon ferry dock, in response to threats by Captain Alexander Peabody, president of the Puget Sound Navigation Company, to restart ferry service to the island. The islanders had formed their own ferry service earlier in the year when Peabody shut down his system for nine days. Residents had no desire to use Peabody's ferries when their own sufficed.
File 3735: Full Text >
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