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Northern Pacific completes a railroad bridge across the mouth of the Snake River at Ainsworth on April 20, 1884.
On April 20, 1884, the first train crosses the Snake River on the Northern Pacific Railroad's bridge at Ainsworth, a railroad construction town located at the junction of the Snake and Columbia Rivers in Franklin County. The completion of the bridge links the Northern Pacific's transcontinental line directly to the Oregon Railway & Navigation track down the Columbia River to Portland, and ultimately to Puget Sound.
File 5033: Full Text >
First trains cross the Northern Pacific Railroad bridge spanning the Columbia River between Pasco and Kennewick on December 3, 1887.
On December 3, 1887, the Northern Pacific Railroad opens a temporary bridge across the Columbia River from Pasco in Franklin County to Kennewick in what is now Benton County. For the first time, transcontinental trains, which previously crossed the river by ferry, are able to run straight through to Tacoma via Stampede Pass. Part of the temporary bridge is soon swept away by winter ice, but it reopens in April 1888. A permanent bridge is in place by July 1888, marking final completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad.
File 5365: Full Text >
First bridge across Salmon Bay is built in 1889.
In 1889, the West Coast Improvement Co., seeking to improve the land that becomes known as Ballard, builds the first bridge across Salmon Bay. It is a wagon bridge made of puncheon (split logs with the face smoothed). The bridge rises and lowers with the tides. (Salmon Bay is now part of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, in Seattle.)
File 3437: Full Text >
Spokane's first Monroe Street Bridge is completed on October 17, 1889.
On October 17, 1889, the first Monroe Street Bridge in Spokane is completed. The first bridge on the site is a rickety wooden affair built by the Spokane Cable Railway Company in partnership with the city and private interests. It will burn down in 1890 and be replaced in 1892 by the second Monroe Street Bridge, a steel bridge.
File 7667: Full Text >
Second bridge across Salmon Bay (Seattle), a railroad bridge, is built in 1890.
In 1890, the West Coast Improvement Company builds the second bridge, a railroad bridge, across Salmon Bay. This is part of its land development plan for Gilman Park, soon to be renamed Ballard (annexed to Seattle in 1907). The firm built the first bridge, a wagon bridge, the year before. Salmon Bay will become part of the Lake Washington Ship Canal.
File 3438: Full Text >
Latona Bridge spanning Seattle's Lake Union is dedicated on July 1, 1891.
On July 1, 1891, the first Latona Bridge, which spans Seattle's Lake Union, is dedicated. The fixed-span bridge crosses Lake Union from the Eastlake neighborhood to the University District, and supplants a certain amount of rowboat traffic on Lake Union. It crosses the lake at the position of the future Interstate-5 bridge. In 1919, the University Bridge (a bascule bridge) replaces the Latona Bridge.
File 3328: Full Text >
Wood trestle spans canal and connects Seattle's Fremont neighborhood with the foot of Queen Anne Hill in 1892.
In 1892, a wood trestle is built from Seattle's Fremont neighborhood to the foot of Queen Anne Hill across a narrow canal dug in the 1880s to connect Lake Union with Salmon Bay (later part of the Lake Washington Ship Canal). This trestle has a walkway for pedestrians and a roadway for streetcars and horse drawn vehicles. It enables greater access to Fremont and spurs the community's development.
File 3309: Full Text >
Spokane's second Monroe Street Bridge, a steel bridge, is completed on June 27, 1892.
On June 27, 1892, Spokane's second Monroe Street Bridge, a steel bridge, is completed. It replaces a rickety wooden bridge that burned down in 1890. The steel Monroe Street Bridge will be replaced in 1909 with Spokane's historic concrete arch Monroe Street Bridge, at the time the largest concrete-arch bridge in the world.
File 7683: Full Text >
Ed Timmerman completes work on a cable ferry across the Columbia near present-day Richland in September 1894.
In September 1894, August E. "Ed" Timmerman, a rancher, completes a cable ferry at the future Columbia point, near Richland. Realizing the place would be an ideal place to build a cable ferry, he buys land, builds two towers on either side of the river, and launches the ferry. It operates until 1931 when automobile bridges render it obsolete.
File 8453: Full Text >
Citizens build Jordan Bridge spanning the South Fork of the Stillaguamish River in 1896.
In 1896, citizens near present-day Jordan in Snohomish County build a suspension bridge over the South Fork of the Stillaguamish River. Its purpose is to connect the homesteads along the river to each other and to get the children to the school on the east side of the river. A few years later, the bridge will be widened to support light vehicles, horses, and cattle. After the expansion of the Jordan Valley Mine in 1922, it will continue to provide an adventurous way across the river to residents of the area. Today, a new more solid suspension bridge has replaced it. It is located on Jordon Road about six miles southeast of Arlington.
File 9325: Full Text >
Lewiston-Clarkston Bridge, first bridge to span the Snake River between Washington and Idaho, opens for traffic on June 24, 1899.
On June 24, 1899, the Lewiston-Clarkston Bridge, the first bridge to span the Snake River between Washington and Idaho, opens for traffic. The 1,700-foot-long bridge connects Clarkston, Washington (Asotin County) and Lewiston, Idaho. The span is a toll bridge; fees are five cents to cross if you are on foot, ten cents if you are on a horse or in a wagon.
File 7612: Full Text >
King County builds first drawbridge over the Duwamish Waterway at Spokane Street in 1902.
In 1902 or 1903, King County builds the first drawbridge over the Duwamish Waterway at Spokane Street. The bridge crosses the newly dredged Duwamish River and connects Seattle to West Seattle. Seattle will build a second bridge in 1907 after West Seattle is annexed into the city.
File 3510: Full Text >
Riverton Draw Bridge is built across the Duwamish River in 1903.
In 1903, the Riverton Draw Bridge (also called the Riverton Drawspan and designated King County Bridge 622-A) is built and placed into service. The wooden plank, swing-span bridge, which crosses the Duwamish, is built to carry foot traffic and horse-drawn vehicles, but is quickly forced to accommodate automobiles as well. The west foot of the bridge is in the community known as Riverton, and the east foot is in the small settlement called Allentown. The road approaching the bridge on the west side of the river crosses the Puget Sound Electric Railway (Interurban) track at grade (at the level of the rails). Drivers entering the bridge from the west must make a sharply angled blind turn from road to bridge, which renders the bridge and its west approaches extremely hazardous.
File 4252: Full Text >
Second Spokane Street drawbridge over the Duwamish Waterway is completed in 1907.
In 1907, the Second Spokane Street drawbridge is completed connecting Seattle to the newly annexed West Seattle. The wood structure has two 80-foot spans and a roadway 20 feet 4 inches wide. It carries vehicles and streetcars.
File 3511: Full Text >
First highway bridge to span Columbia River opens at Wenatchee in 1908.
In 1908, the first highway bridge to span the Columbia River opens at Wenatchee. The privately owned bridge carries people, horses, wagons, and a rare motorcar, and also water in two large pipelines along its sides. It connects Chelan County on the Wenatchee shore with Douglas County on the eastern shore (now East Wenatchee), and opens Douglas County to apple orchard development. It is a 1,060-foot pinconnected steel cantilever bridge and costs $177,000 to build. It will carry the Sunset Highway (State Road No. 2, later also U.S. Highway 2 and redesignated Primary State Highway 2) across the river after that highway opens in 1915. In 2011 it will still be used as a footbridge and will be the oldest extant steel cantilever bridge in Washington.
File 5172: Full Text >
James J. Hill and associates cross Columbia River on first railroad bridge linking Washington and Oregon, whose opening has just completed Hill's Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway, on November 5, 1908.
On November 5, 1908, a train bearing James J. Hill (1838-1916), chairman of the Great Northern Railway, and several business associates and dignitaries leaves Spokane, crosses the Columbia River from Pasco to Kennewick on a bridge owned by the Northern Pacific (also controlled by Hill), then travels along the north bank of the Columbia River to Vancouver on the tracks of the recently completed Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway (SP&S). From there the train moves on to Portland, crossing the Columbia on the first railroad bridge to link Washington and Oregon. The following evening a gala banquet in Portland will celebrate the completion of the new line, commonly called the North Bank Road. The SP&S is jointly owned by the Northern Pacific and Great Northern railroads. Built at a cost well in excess of $40 million, the new line provides an alternative to the punishing rail routes over the Cascade Mountains and frees the Northern Pacific from its earlier reliance on Oregon tracks owned by Hill's chief rival, E. H. Harriman (1848-1909).
File 8740: Full Text >
Oxbow Bridge over Duwamish River is completed in 1911.
In 1911, the Oxbow Bridge over the Duwamish River on 1st Avenue S at S Michigan Street is completed. The low-level swing span is one of the first three permanent steel bridges in Seattle and is a joint project by Seattle, King County, and a real estate company. It replaces a wood structure built in the 1890s. In 1916, the bridge will be altered and shifted to accommodate the newly rechanneled river.
File 3509: Full Text >
Seattle's 12th Avenue South (Dearborn Street) Bridge is built in 1911.
In 1911, Seattle's 12th Avenue South or Dearborn Street Bridge is erected. It is one of the first permanent steel bridges build in Seattle. In 1974 it will be renamed the Jose Rizal Bridge (for the Filipino hero). In 2007 it is the state's oldest steel-arch bridge.
File 8437: Full Text >
Fremont's first high bridge (called Stone Way Bridge) opens on May 31, 1911.
On May 31, 1911, Fremont's first high bridge over Lake Union, called Stone Way Bridge, opens to traffic. Fremont is a neighborhood of Seattle. The bridge performs service until June 15, 1917, when the Fremont Bridge, built as part of the Lake Washington Ship Canal project, opens to traffic.
File 3313: Full Text >
Spokane's third Monroe Street Bridge, the historic concrete-arch bridge, opens on November 23, 1911.
On November 23, 1911, Spokane's third Monroe Street Bridge opens. Considered a marvel of beauty and functionality, it is the largest concrete-arch bridge in the United States. A major transportation link, the bridge becomes a "revered symbol" of Spokane ("Bridging the Past ...," Spokesman-Review
), and "Spokane's premier character-defining landmark" (Holstine and Hobbs). The bridge is designed and constructed by Spokane city engineers, and the elaborate ornamentation is provided by the Spokane firm of Kirtland Cutter and Karl Malmgren.
File 7669: Full Text >
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