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Schwabacher Bros. & Company opens Seattle branch in Autumn 1869.

On October 11, 1869, the firm Schwabacher Bros. & Company first advertises merchandise purveyed in their Seattle store. The store, which is to become a longstanding and important Seattle enterpris...

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Erhart Seifried, known as Green Lake John, files a homestead claim on Green Lake (Seattle) on October 13, 1869.

On October 13, 1869, Erhart Seifried (1832-1899) files a claim under the Homestead Act for 131.66 timbered acres on Green Lake, which now (1999) define the north Seattle neighborhood of Green Lake. Se...

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William Ladd makes first purchase of site of future West Seattle business district on November 1, 1869.

On November 1, 1869, the U.S. Government sells William Ladd 160 acres located at a portion of a future business districts of West Seattle. The following year I. C. Ellis acquires 280 acres from the Fe...

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Baker Boyer Bank opens in Walla Walla on November 10, 1869.

On November 10, 1869, Baker Boyer Bank opens for business in Walla Walla. Founded by brothers-in-law Dr. Dorsey Syng Baker (1823-1888) and John F. Boyer (1824-1897) with profits from their years as m...

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Cattle cross Snoqualmie Pass to Seattle in December 1869.

In December 1869, M. S. Booth drives 200 head of cattle across Snoqualmie Pass to Seattle.

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Legislature incorporates the Town of Seattle for the second time on December 2, 1869.

On December 2, 1869, the Washington Territorial Legislature reincorporates the Town of Seattle. Seattle was incorporated once before, in 1865, but the Territorial Legislature disincorporated the town ...

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Bathtub with indoor plumbing is introduced to Seattle in 1870.

In 1870, Seattle gets its first bathtub with indoor plumbing

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A large cougar is shot in Seattle near Lake Union on about January 1, 1870.

On about January 1, 1870, C. Brownfield shoots and kills a "large panther" in "Pioneer Valley" in Seattle, near Lake Union. The animal, very likely a cougar, is 8 feet 9 inches long and weighs 300 pou...

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James A. Perkins, co-founder and first permanent resident, arrives in Colfax in 1870.

In 1870, James A. Perkins and Thomas Smith establish Colfax in a deep forested valley where two branches of the Palouse River meet. Colfax is the first non-Indian settlement in the fertile rolling hil...

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Fire fighters form Seattle Hook and Ladder Company in July 1870.

During July 1870, the Seattle Hook and Ladder Company Number 1 formed. The 40 member volunteer company is Seattle's first fire fighting organization. T.S. Russell is the Chief Engineer and Gardner Kel...

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Man captures cougar near Lake Washington about February 23, 1870.

On February 23, 1870, Seymour Wetmore arrives in Seattle and announces that he captured a large cougar on his farm near Lake Washington. The animal was killing sheep in the area and a trap was devised...

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Dexter Horton opens King County's first bank in March 1870.

In March 1870, Dexter Horton (1825-1904) opens a bank in Seattle. From 1870 to 1875 the bank is located in a small wooden building on northwest corner of Commercial Street (later First Avenue S) and W...

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Jewish governor of Washington Territory Edward Salomon takes office in the spring of 1870.

In the spring of 1870, Edward S. Salomon (1836-1913) takes office as governor of Washington Territory. He serves from the spring of 1870 to the spring of 1872. As of 2003, he has been Washington's onl...

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Andrew Jackson Splawn and Ben Burch open a trading post, "Robber's Roost," on the site of the future Ellensburg in 1870.

In 1870, Andrew Jackson Splawn and Ben Burch open a trading post near the confluence of the Yakima River and Wilson Creek on the site of the future Ellensburg. Known as Robber's Roost, it quickly beco...

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North Bend Beginnings: Snoqualmie (renamed Mountain View, renamed North Bend) Post Office opens on May 20, 1870.

The opening of a post office is an important marker of the beginning of a community. On May 20, 1870, the Snoqualmie Post Office is established at the site of present-day North Bend. Jeremiah W. Borst...

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Issaquah Beginnings: Squak Post Office opens on May 20, 1870.

The opening of a post office is an important marker of the beginning of a community. On May 20, 1870, the Squak Post Office is established. William Pickering is the first postmaster. The name Squak is...

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Washington Territory selects site of future Loyal Heights business district (Seattle) for school lands on May 24, 1870.

On May 24, 1870, Washington Territory selects the future Loyal Heights neighborhood of Seattle for school land. Loyal Heights is located in northwest Seattle, north of Ballard, on land that goes down ...

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W. S. Ladd purchases the site of Mount Baker business district (Seattle) for settlement on May 26, 1870.

On May 26, 1870, W. S. Ladd purchases 80 acres from the federal government in what would become business district of the Mount Baker neighborhood of Seattle. The total purchase price is $100.

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1870 Census: First census since abolition of slavery; population of Washington Territory more than doubles in 10 years; all but one county show growth; attempts made to more accurately count Native Americans.

In 1870, the 9th Decennial Census of the United States is the first census taken since the Civil War brought an end to the country's near-century of slavery. For the first time, all African Americans ...

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Charlotte Emily Olney French casts the first vote by a woman in a Washington Territorial election at Grand Mound in Thurston County on June 6, 1870.

On June 6, 1870, Charlotte Emily Olney French (1828-1897), after a debate with the election judges, casts her vote in a Washington territorial election, the first woman to do so. Six more women at her...

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Seattleite commits betting scam in Port Townsend on June 6, 1870, election returns.

Immediately after the results of the June 6, 1870, election reach Seattle by telegraph, Capt. H. H. Hyde travels to Port Townsend, which does not have the telegraph, and places bets with several peopl...

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Protestant Episcopal Church building in Seattle is consecrated on June 11, 1870.

On June 11, 1870, the new Protestant Episcopal Church building in Seattle is consecrated by Bishop Morris and Reverends Edward Hyland and William H. Summers. The church is located at the northwest cor...

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Henry A. Atkins is elected first mayor of the City of Seattle on July 11, 1870.

On July 11, 1870, Henry A. Atkins, a pile driver who helped build docks and wharves up and down Puget Sound, is elected mayor of the City of Seattle, the first person to hold that office.

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Northern Pacific sets off an economic boom and a bidding war in Puget Sound region beginning in August 1870.

About August 2, 1870, immediately after Northern Pacific Railroad surveyors arrive in Seattle, speculators begin a buying-frenzy of Seattle real estate. One Northern Pacific team will survey a route f...

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