King County Historical Bibliography, Part 01: Agriculture

  • Posted 11/23/2004
  • Essay 7142
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This bibliography on the history of agriculture in King County was prepared as a community history resource by staff of the former King County Office of Cultural Resources, now 4Culture (King County Cultural Development Authority). It was last updated in October 1999.

Historical Paper No. 9

King County Landmarks and Heritage Program, King County Office of Cultural Resources
506 Second Avenue, Suite 200, Seattle, WA 98104-2307 (206) 296-7580, 1-800-325-6165 V/TDD


The following bibliography is intended to provide a list of major references to the history of agricultural development and resources in King County. The limited scope of the present study does not include many references relating to:

  • Landmark nominations or historic resource inventory forms for agricultural properties
  • Technical manuals on agricultural topics
  • General histories of the region
  • Community and ethnic histories
  • Contemporary documents relating to the agricultural industry
  • Newspaper accounts of agricultural activities

All of the above categories of publications and documents contain relevant information that should be searched, but including them would have required a study many times the size of the present one. There is a considerable wealth of information in journals, newspapers and records series in public document repositories around the state and region. Published guides to archival resources relating to agriculture will be very helpful in conducting research in the field, and heritage organizations and agencies hold considerable collections of material relating to agricultural history. The Holland Library at Washington State University in Pullman has one of the better collections of agricultural history reference material to be found in the State. Major libraries, such as Seattle Public Library, the Washington State Library, Central Washington University Library and the University of Washington Libraries should be checked for journals such as Washington Dairyman and Farmer and other resources.

Papers in this series are maintained in electronic format. They are revised and updated periodically as new information becomes available.


"Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition Model Dairy Barn Report," manuscript copy on file, King County Historic Preservation Program, n.p., n.d.

Beavers, Bill, comp., Guide to the Records of the Department of Agriculture 1903-1963, (Olympia, 1989), Washington Office of the Secretary of State, Division of Archives and Records Management.

Bell, R. C. and W. D. Buchanan, Partners in Progress: The Story of the Washington Cooperative Farmers Association, n.p., n.d.

Brandt, Theodore R., "Agricultural Land Use Change in the Puget Sound Region, Washington: A Ten Year Retrospective," in Pacific Northwest Essays in Honor of James W. Scott, edited by Howard J. Critchfield, (Bellingham, 1993) Western Washington University.

Buckland, Jeffrey G., "Landowner Reaction to King County's Purchase of Farmland Development Rights," Northwest Environmental Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1986, pp. 141-160.

Buerge, David M., "When Hops Were Here: Native Americans Once Harvested These Hills for the World's Brewers. What Happened?" Eastside Week, August 31, 1994. p 12 ff.

Carnation Research Farm, Carnation Research Farm, (Carnation, 1983) The Carnation Company.

Cedar River Associates, Farm & Forest: A Strategy for Preserving the Working Landscapes of Rural King County, 1996, Seattle, King County Department of Natural Resources.

Conklin, C. and W. A. Kyle, The Ayrshire Record: Advanced Registry Volume V, (Brandon VT, 1928) Ayrshire Breeders Association. (re: Willowmoor Farm Ayrshires)

Cowan, Bob, A History of Dairying in Washington State, unpublished manuscript, copy on file, Washington Dairy Products Commission, n.d.

Cronander, Cheryl, "Fall City Hop Shed Proposal," memo to Kjris Lund, King County Historic Preservation Officer, November 30, 1984.

Crawford, Harriet, The Washington State Grange, A Romance of Democracy, 1889-1924, (Portland, 1940) Binfords and Mort.

"Dairygold 1908-1983", in Issaquah Press, June 22, 1983.

Dart, John O., The Renton-Sumner Lowland of Western Washington, (Seattle, 1953) unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Washington.

Duvernoy, Gene, "Preserving King County's Farmland", Northwest Land Use Review, Vol. 2 No.4, April, 1986.

"Farming on Puget Sound," in West Shore Magazine, April, 1888, reprinted in Washington: Readings in the History of the Evergreen State, n.d., Ellensburg, Central Washington State University, pp. 249-51.

Farmlands Implementation Task Force, Preserving Farmlands and Open Space, A Report to the King County Executive and the King County Council, (Seattle, 1982) King County Office of Agriculture.

Farmlands Study Committee, Saving Farmlands and Open Space: The Report of the Citizens Study Committee to the Executive and Council of King County, (Seattle, 1979) King County Office of Agriculture.

Flewelling, Stan, Farmlands: The Story of Thomas, A Small Agricultural Community in King County, Washington, (Auburn, 1990) Erick Sanders Historical Society.

Freeman, Dr. Otis and Dr. Rolland H. Upton, Washington State Resources, (Seattle, 1957) Washington State Resources Committee.

Florea, Bruce and Kenneth Scott, Agriculture in an Urban Environment: King, Kitsap, Pierce and Snohomish Counties, Washington, (Pullman, 1973) Washington Cooperative Extension Service and Department of Agricultural Economics, Washington State University.

Giles, Harry F., Dairying, Poultry and Stock Raising in Washington State, (Olympia, 1912) E.L. Boardman, State Printer.

------, Dairying, Poultry and Stock Raising in Washington State, (Olympia, 1916) F. M. Lamborn, State Printer.

Gould, Charles J., History of the Flower Bulb Industry in Washington State, (Mount Vernon, 1993) Northwest Bulb Growers Association.

Helde, Ethel, "A History of Dairying in the State of Washington" (1970), in Research and Remembrances, pp. 45-51, (Seattle, 1999) State Association of the Daughters of the Pioneers of Washington.

Heisig, Carl P., A Graphic Presentation of Changes in the Agriculture of Washington from 1930 to 1935, State College of Washington Agriculture Experiment Station, Division of Farm Management and Agricultural Economics, Bulletin No. 341, December, 1936.

Hoover, Glenn Edwin, Rural Settlement in Western Washington, (Seattle, 1922) unpublished masters thesis, University of Washington.

Ito, Kazuo, Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America, (Seattle, 1973) Executive Committee for the Publication of Issei.

Johnson, E. R., Farming the Logged-Off Uplands in Western Washington, Bulletin 1236, (Washington D.C., 1924) United States Department of Agriculture.

Johnston, Helen and Richard, Willowmoor: The Story of Marymoor Park, (Redmond, 1976) King County Historical Association. (re: Willowmoor Farm)

Jones, Leroy, Program Manager, Regional Agriculture Land Use Technical Study, Central Puget Sound Region, (Seattle, 1974) Puget Sound Governmental Conference, Environmental Policy Advisory Committee.

Jones, Leroy, "Where Have All The Farmers Gone?," Pacific Search, March, 1975.

King County Agricultural Task Force, John D. Sharp, Chairman, Report on Local Agriculture: A Joint Project of the King County Office of Agriculture and Cooperative Extension, (Seattle, 1980).

King County Office of Historic Preservation, King County Heritage Resource Protection Plan, (Seattle, 1985) King County Department of Planning and Community Development.

King County Office of Agriculture, Proposed Agricultural Land Preservation Program, (Seattle, 1977).

Lentz, Florence K., Dairy Farm Properties of the Snoqualmie Valley: Multiple Property Documentation Form, (Seattle, 1993) King County Landmarks and Heritage Commission.

Lindeman, Glen and Keith Williams, Agriculture Study Unit, (Olympia, 1986) Washington Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation.

MacEachern, John and Margaret B. Cooke, A Bibliography of Agriculture in Territorial Washington, (Pullman, 1953) State College of Washington Experiment Station.

Maedler, Rick, Preservation of Small-Scale Agriculture Near a Metropolitan Area: The Case of Market-Gardening and the Pike Place Farmers' Market in Seattle, Washington, Unpublished Masters Thesis, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA.

------ et al., Draft Environmental Impact Statement, King County Agricultural Retention Program, King County Office of Agriculture, July 1978.

Marshall, James, Elbridge A. Stuart, Founder of Carnation Company, (Los Angeles, 1949) The Carnation Company.

Matthews, Mary J., Early Strawberry Growing on Vashon Island, (Vashon Island, 1997) for Island Landmarks.

Meeker, E., Hop Culture in the United States, Being a Treatise on Hop Growing in Washington Territory From the Cutting to the Bale, (Puyallup WT, 1883) E. Meeker Co. reprinted Seattle, Shorey Bookstore.

Moore, Merton, History of Carnation Milk Farms, The Carnation Milk Farm News, (booklet) ca. 1932, n.p. (copy on file Seattle Public Library).

------, Home of Contented Cows, (booklet), ca. 1935, Carnation Milk Farms.

Moore, Robert D., The Carnation Milk Farms: Home of Contented Cows, (Los Angeles, n.d.) The Carnation Company.

Morley, Roberta Crisp, "Tree Stumps and Cattle Trails: The Story of Livestock in King County," 1970, manuscript copy on file, King County Historic Preservation Program.

Murphy, Campbell Garrett, Farmers on Cut Over Timber Lands in Western Washington, (Seattle, 1943) unpublished Masters thesis, University of Washington.

Natural Resources and Parks Division, King County's Farmland Preservation Program Acquisition Summary, (Seattle, 1987) Department of Parks, Planning and Resources.

Nishinoiri, John Isao, Japanese Farms in Washington, unpublished master of arts thesis, University of Washington, 1926.

Norikane, Koji, A Pictorial Album of the History of the Japanese of the White River Valley, (Auburn, 1986) White River Valley Chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League.

Norton, Helen, "The Association Between Anthropogenic Prairies and Important Food Plants in Western Washington", Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, Vol. 13 No. 1, Fall 1979, pp. 175-200.

Norwood, Gus, Washington Grangers Celebrate a Century, (Seattle, 1988) Washington State Grange.

Olsen, Michael Leon, The Beginnings of Agriculture in Western Oregon and Western Washington, 1970, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington.

Olson, Beverly, "Willowmoor: Early Northwest Home of Fine Morgans", The Morgan Horse, Vol. 28 No. 6, July 1968, p. 31.

Rademaker, John A., Ecological Position of the Japanese Farmers in Washington State, unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, University of Washington, 1939.

Reber, E. L., Executive Commissioner, King County State of Washington 1909: Its History, Resources, Development, Present Conditions and Opportunities, (Seattle, 1909) Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition.

Resource Committee, Farm for Sale: A Study of King County Farmland Preservation, League of Women Voters of Seattle, March, 1977.

Robb, W. V., Report of Survey of Seattle Market Milk Industry, December 14, 1932, Seattle, Seattle Milk Shippers Association.

Ruffner, W. H., A Report on Washington Territory, (New York, 1889) Seattle, Lakeshore and Eastern Railway.

Rushton, Alice, "Hop Growing in the Puyallup and White River Valleys of Washington State (sic) in 1884," in Heritage Quest No.29, pp.70-71, reprinted from West Shore Magazine, 1884.

Sanger, John M. Associates, Economic Impacts of Agricultural Land Preservation in King County: Development Rights Purchase, (Seattle, 1978) prepared for King County Office of Agriculture.

Satterfield, Archie, The Darigold Story: The History of a Dairy Cooperative in the Pacific Northwest, (Seattle, 1993) Darigold, Inc.

Sharp, Joan et al., Good Pride: A Story of the Pike Place Market Farmers, (Seattle, 1979) Market Oral History Project.

Tonneson, C.A., ed., First Biennial Report of the State Board of Horticulture of the State of Washington for the Years 1891-2, (Olympia, 1983) O. C. White, State Printer.

Tsushima, Asaichi, Pre-World War II History of Japanese Pioneers in the Clearing and Development of Land in Bellevue--1952, n.d.n.p., copy on file, Bellevue Historical Society.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930, Agriculture, Washington, Statistics By Counties, First and Second Series, (Washington D.C., 1931) United States Government Printing Office.

United States Senate, 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Document No. 633, Reports of the Immigration Commission, Immigrants in Industries, Part 25 (of 25) Japanese and Other Immigrant Races in the Pacific Coast and Rocky Mountain States, Agriculture, Vol. 2 (of 3)Presented by Mr. Dillingham, June 15, 1910, (Washington D.C., 1911) Government Printing Office.

Washington Agriculture, Part 1, Dairying, Bulletin 134, March, 1926, Pullman, State College Of Washington.

Washington State Department of Agriculture and United States Department of Agriculture, Washington Berry Crops: Data for 1940-1958, April, 1959, copy on file, Washington State Library.

------, Washington Fruit Crops: Data for 1940-1958, September, 1959, copy on file, Washington State Library.

------, Washington Vegetable Crops: Data for 1939-1958, (Olympia, 1959), copy on file, Washington State Library.

------, Horticulture in the State of Washington, Data for 1940-1954, (Olympia, 1955), copy on file, Washington State Library.

Washington State Department of Agriculture, King County, Washington Agriculture, County Agriculture Data Series, (Olympia, 1956) copy on file, Washington State Library.

------, Atlas of Washington Agriculture, (Olympia, 1963) State Printer.

------, Washington's Centennial Farms: Yesterday and Today, (Olympia, 1990) State Printer.

------, Washington Livestock, (Olympia, 1967) State Printer.

------, Washington Poultry, (Olympia, 1969) State Printer.

Weaver, John D., Carnation, The First 75 Years 1899-1974, (Los Angeles, The Carnation Company.

White, Richard, "The Altered Landscape: Social Change and Land Use in the Pacific Northwest", in Regionalism and the Pacific Northwest, ed. by William G. Robbins et al., (Corvallis, 1983) Oregon State University Press.

------, "Poor Men on Poor Lands: The Back-to-the Land Movement of the Early Twentieth Century," in Experiences in a Promised Land: Essays in Pacific Northwest History, ed. by G. Thomas Edwards and Carlos A. Schwantes, (Seattle, 1986) University of Washington Press.

Willard, Rex E. and Neil W. Johnson, Present Land Uses--Washington, Types of Farming Series, Part I, Bulletin 288, October, 1933, Pullman, State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station.

------, Trends in Agriculture in Washington 1900 to 1930, Types of Farming Series, Part II, Bulletin 300, June, 1934, Pullman, State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station.

------, Nature and Distribution of Types of Farming in Washington, Types of Farming Series, Part III, Bulletin 301, July, 1934, Pullman, State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station.

By Charles Payton

Revised 10/99

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