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Mercer Girls reach Seattle on May 16, 1864.

On May 16, 1864, the first Mercer Girls from the East Coast reach Seattle. Seattle resident Asa Mercer (1839-1917) has recruited the group to provide teachers for the young community and in order to a...

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Telegraph line reaches Seattle on October 25, 1864.

On October 25, 1864 at 4 p.m., the Western Union Telegraph line reaches Seattle from San Francisco and the East Coast. The following day, the town receives the first dispatches over the line. The tele...

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Two Snohomish Indians kill the Casto family in Squak Valley on November 7, 1864.

On November 7, 1864, two Snohomish Indians kill William and Abigail Casto in their home in Squak Valley (now Issaquah.) Also killed is John Halstead, a housemate. The assailants are in turn killed by ...

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Job Carr arrives at future site of Tacoma on Commencement Bay on December 25, 1864.

On December 25, 1864, Job Carr arrives at the future site of Tacoma on Commencement Bay. He will file a 168-acre claim to land at a site the Nisqually and Puyallup Peoples call Shubahlup or sheltered ...

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Legislature incorporates the Town of Seattle for the first time on January 14, 1865.

On January 14, 1865, the Territory of Washington Legislature incorporates the Town of Seattle for the first time, adopting a city charter that puts the municipal government in the hands of a board of ...

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Democrats in Territorial Legislature erase Skamania County on January 19, 1865.

On January 19, 1865, Democrats in the Territorial Legislature vote to eliminate Skamania County and to split its territory between Klickitat County and Clarke County (as it was spelled at the time). T...

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The Walla Walla Library Association is incorporated on January 20, 1865.

On January 20, 1865, the Walla Walla Library Association is incorporated and becomes the first library established for the public in the City of Walla Walla. A group of Walla Walla professionals, inte...

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Yakima County is established on January 21, 1865.

On January 21, 1865, the Washington Territorial Legislature establishes Yakima County. Yakima County includes most of the land in the former Ferguson County, created in 1863 and dissolved three days ...

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Seattle Board of Trustees passes ordinance, calling for removal of Indians from the town, on February 7, 1865.

On February 7, 1865, the Seattle Board of Trustees passes Ordinance No. 5, calling for the removal of Indians from the town. Ten years after local tribes signed the Treaty of Point Elliott, ceding mos...

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Ezra Meeker plants hops in the Puyallup Valley in March 1865.

In March 1865, pioneer Ezra Meeker (1830-1928) plants hop vine cuttings on his farm in the Puyallup Valley. The plants flourish and Meeker continues to expand his plantings over the years. By the earl...

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Waitsburg public school opens in April 1865.

In April 1865, William Nesbit Smith begins a school with 24 students in his store, located across the Touchet River from a new mill being set up by Sylvester M. Wait (d. 1891), in the emerging town of...

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Civil War ends on April 9 and news reaches Olympia on April 11, 1865.

On April 11, 1865, word reaches Olympia, Washington, that on the afternoon of April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), Commander of the Confederate Army, surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), ...

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Lincoln is assassinated and Olympia and Seattle mourn on April 15, 1865.

At about 1 p.m. on April 15, 1865, Olympia and Seattle receive news by telegraph that U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) has died from an assassin's shot he received the night before. Later th...

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Mary Low Sinclair arrives in Cadyville (future Snohomish City) on May 1, 1865.

On the last day of April 1865, Mary Low Sinclair and her one-month-old son Alvin, board the small, unfinished steamer Mary Woodruff in Port Madison, Kitsap County, for a journey across Puget Sound and...

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Wait's Mill, in what will become the town of Waitsburg, begins operation in May 1865.

In May 1865, Sylvester M. Wait (d. 1891) begins operating a flour mill in the midst of farmland clustered around the convergence of the Touchet River and Coppei Creek in Walla Walla County. The previo...

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West Seattle business district site claimed for settlement on July 14, 1865.

On July 14, 1865, George Plummer makes a homestead claim on 160 acres of land that would become a business district in West Seattle located at California Avenue SW and SW Admiral Way. In 1869, he rece...

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Trinity Parish, Seattle's first Episcopal parish, is established on August 13, 1865.

On August 13, 1865, a lay vestry organizes Trinity Parish, Seattle's first Episcopal parish, which builds its first church at 3rd Avenue and Jefferson Street in 1870. It was destroyed in Seattle's Gre...

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Seattle pioneers petition against a reservation on the Black River for the Duwamish tribe in 1866.

In 1866, King County settlers petition the Territorial Delegate to Congress, Arthur Denny (1822-1899), against the establishment of a reservation for the Duwamish tribe on the Black River. The Su...

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The first salmon cannery on the Columbia River opens at Eagle Cliff, Wahkiakum County, in 1866.

In 1866, brothers William, George, and John Hume, along with Andrew Hapgood, begin operating a small cannery on a scow at Eagle Cliff in eastern Wahkiakum County near the Cowlitz County line in southw...

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Chief Seattle dies on June 7, 1866.

On June 7, 1866, Chief Seattle, the leader of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes in whose honor Seattle was named, dies at Old Man House in north Kitsap County.

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Lake Washington Co. opens a coal mine at Newcastle in 1867.

During 1867, the Lake Washington Company opens the first coal mine at Newcastle. Newcastle is located in King County, east of Lake Washington and south of present-day Bellevue.

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O'Brien/Kent Beginnings: White River Post Office (later O'Brien) opens on January 21, 1867.

The opening of a post office is an important marker of the beginning of a community. On January 21, 1867, the White River Post Office (later O'Brien) is established. Lewis McMillan is appointed postma...

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Renton Beginnings: Black River Post Office opens on January 21, 1867.

The opening of a post office is an important marker of the beginning of a community. The Black River Post Office is established on January 21, 1867. Chrisitan C. Clymer is the first postmaster. The...

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Auburn beginnings: Slaughter Post Office opens on January 21, 1867.

The opening of a post office is an important marker of the beginning of a community. On January 21, 1867, the Slaughter (later renamed Auburn) Post Office opens. Joseph Gibson is appointed postmaster....

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