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U.S. citizen militia kills Nisqually women and children during Indian wars in April 1856.

In April 1856, during the Indian wars, Captain Hamilton J. C. Maxon and his citizen militia come upon a Nisqually encampment near where the Ohop Creek and the Mashel River join with the Nisqually Rive...

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Oregon volunteers battle Yakamas and Klickitats along Satus Creek on April 10, 1856.

On April 10, 1856, Yakamas and Klickitats under Kamiakin (ca. 1800-1877) ambush Oregon volunteers under Colonel Thomas Cornelius along Satus Creek near what will be the boundary between Klickitat and ...

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Governor Isaac Stevens ejects Judge Edward Lander from his court under martial law on May 12, 1856.

On May 12, 1856, Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens (1818-1862) uses martial law and militia officers to eject Judge Edward M. Lander (1816-1907) from his court. This is Washington's first civil right...

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Washington Territorial Volunteers kill 50 Cayuse in the Grande Ronde Valley on July 17, 1856.

On July 17, 1856, Washington Territorial Volunteers under Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin F. Shaw attack a camp of Cayuse Indians in the Grande Ronde Valley in Oregon Territory. Shaw had been assigned to ...

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United States establishes Fort Simcoe at the foot of the Simcoe Mountains on August 8, 1856.

In August 1856, U.S. Army Colonel George Wright (1803-1865) establishes Fort Simcoe at the foot of the Simcoe Mountains about 30 miles west of what will become Toppenish, in the future Yakima County. ...

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Captain George Pickett begins construction of Fort Bellingham on August 26, 1856.

On August 26, 1856, U.S. Army Captain George Pickett (1825-1875) arrives on Bellingham Bay from Fort Steilacoom to construct a military installation. Pickett's job is to build a fort that will deter t...

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Governor Isaac Stevens convenes Second Walla Walla Council on September 11, 1856.

On September 11, 1856, Governor Isaac Stevens (1819-1862) convenes the Second Walla Walla Council with Native American tribes to end hostilities and to extinguish their title to their lands. The tribe...

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Two soldiers rob the Fort Bellingham store on November 11, 1856.

On November 11, 1856, two soldiers from the recently established Fort Bellingham steal more than $160 worth of clothes from the Warbass sutlery (the fort's store) located next to the fort. The two men...

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Nisqually Chief Quiemuth is murdered in Olympia on November 19, 1856.

In the early-morning hours of November 19, 1856, Nisqually Chief Quiemuth (d. 1856), a half-brother of Chief Leschi (1808-1858), is murdered in Oympia. Both Leschi and Quiemuth had fought white settle...

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Sisters of Providence arrive at Fort Vancouver on December 8, 1856.

On December 8, 1856, five Sisters of Providence, Roman Catholic nuns, arrive at Fort Vancouver, Washington. Sister Joseph (formerly Esther Pariseau) (1823-1902) is their leader. She will later be know...

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William Cadmer allegedly commits mutiny and assault on the Lizzie Jarvis in Port Townsend on December 11, 1856.

On December 11, 1856, William Cadmer allegedly commits mutiny and assault on the Lizzie Jarvis, a cargo ship, in Port Townsend. The vessel was christened in New Granada (northern Latin America) and do...

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1857 Census: King County Population By Name

In 1857, a census of King County residents is taken. The population consists of 152 persons of European American descent including 86 adult males, 23 females age 18 and over, and 43 children of whom 1...

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President Franklin Pierce establishes the Muckleshoot Reservation by executive order on January 20, 1857.

On January 20, 1857, United States President Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) signs an executive order that formally establishes the Muckleshoot Reservation. The reservation will be expanded when President...

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Washington Territorial Legislature incorporates the City of Vancouver on January 23, 1857.

On January 23, 1857, the Washington Territorial Legislature passes an act incorporating the City of Vancouver, a Clark County settlement of just over 918 acres located on the north bank of the Columbi...

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The International Boundary Commission first meets on June 27, 1857.

On June 27, 1857, American and British commissioners of the International Boundary Commission meet on board the British ship HMS Satellite, anchored in Esquimalt Harbor on the southeast coast of Briti...

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Slaughter County is renamed Kitsap County on July 13, 1857.

On July 13, 1857, the recently organized Slaughter County is renamed Kitsap County to honor Chief Kitsap, a Suquamish military leader. The county seat is at Port Madison and will remain there until 18...

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North Coast Indians, likely members of the Kake tribe of Tlingits, behead Isaac Ebey on August 11, 1857.

On August 11, 1857, a group of North Coast Indians -- likely members of the Kake tribe of Tlingits who were led by a woman warrior -- behead Col. Isaac N. Ebey (1818-1857) at his home, "The Cabins," n...

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Construction begins on the Whatcom Trail in September 1857.

In September 1857, construction begins on the Whatcom Trail to connect Bellingham to Everson and the international boundary with Canada. The track will follow an existing Indian trail called the Nook-...

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Fort Bellingham soldiers desert and Edward French harbors them on December 24, 1857.

On December 24, 1857, Michael O'Rourke, a soldier from Fort Bellingham, witnesses Edward French aiding deserting soldiers Solomon Pinkenhoff, Matthew Doyle, and others with intent to aid them in their...

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Cape Flattery Light on Tatoosh Island begins operating on December 28, 1857.

On December 28, 1857, the Cape Flattery Lighthouse on Tatoosh Island begins operation. Built between 1856 and 1857 on a 20-acre bean-shaped rock at the northwestern-most point of the continental Unite...

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Nisqually Chief Leschi is hanged on February 19, 1858.

On February 19, 1858, Nisqually Chief Leschi (1808-1858) is hanged on a gallows at Fort Steilacoom, for the "murder" of the American soldier Colonel A. Benton Moses. Chief Leschi's attorneys argued fi...

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S.S. Traveler, first American steamship on Puget Sound, sinks on March 2, 1858.

Just before midnight on March 2, 1858, the S.S. Traveler, the first American steamship on Puget Sound, sinks near Port Gamble. Five people die.

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First post office in Mason County is established at Oakland on April 24, 1858.

On April 24, 1858, the first post office in Mason (then called Sawamish) County was established at Oakland, the county seat. Weekly mail service between Olympia in the South and Seabeck on Hood Canal ...

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Yakama, Palouse, Spokane, and Coeur d'Alene warriors defeat the U.S. Army under Lieutenant Colonel Edward Steptoe on May 17, 1858.

On May 17, 1858, Yakama, Palouse, Spokane, and Coeur d'Alene Indians attack a column of U.S. Army troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Steptoe (1816-1865). The year 1858 is a time of ...

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